20 Lines or Less #37 - Hex, HTTPS, and SNATing

What could you do with your code in 20 Lines or Less? That's the question I ask (almost) every week for the devcentral community, and every week I go looking to find cool new examples that show just how flexible and powerful iRules can be without getting in over your head.

I bring to you your weekly dose of short yet cool iRule goodness.  Check out what these iRule gurus have crammed into less than 21 lines of code.  This week we’ve got hex translation of HTTP payloads, intelligent redirection including port handling, and some snat intelligence in just a few lines of code.  Dig it.


Log binary HTTP payload in hex


Here’s one that we touched on briefly in the podcast last week.  Hoolio decided that it would be fun or handy or…something, to convert and log the entire HTTP payload in hex for every response.  I couldn’t tell you when this would be needed, but it was a pretty darn cool thought, and I thought I’d share it.  Maybe he’ll come tell us what it was for. ;)


   # Log debug? 1=yes, 0=no
   set debug 1

   # Collect up to the first 1MB of POST data
   if {[HTTP::method] eq "POST"}{

      set clength 0

      # Check if there is a content-length header and the value is set to less than 1Mb
      if {[HTTP::header exists "Content-Length"] && [HTTP::header Content-Length]          set clength [HTTP::header Content-Length]
      } else {
         set clength 1048576
      if {[info exists clength] && clength > 0} {
         if {$debug}{log local0. "[virtual name]: Collecting $clength bytes"}
         HTTP::collect $clength


   # Log the payload converted to hex
   binary scan [HTTP::payload] H* payload_hex

   if {$debug}{log local0. "[virtual name]: $payload_hex: $payload_hex"}


SNAT based on incoming IP


Matt dished out a great little example of how to effectively control which snat address a connection is assigned based on the IP range the request is coming in from. It’s simple, it’s efficient, it’s effective, and it’s short.  Those are a few of my favorite things in iRules, so here you go.


  if { [IP::addr [IP::client_addr] equals] }{
  } elseif { [IP::addr [IP::client_addr] equals] }{
  } elseif { [IP::addr [IP::client_addr] equals] }{
  } else { 


Intelligent HTTP to HTTPS redirection…now with port handling!


This is a topic (HTTP to HTTPS redirection) that I’ve shown off at least a few times in the 20LoL, but that’s because it comes up so darn often in the forums and elsewhere.  Here is yet another take on how to do it, and a darn good one at that. Note the use of string map, which I heart, and the fact that this one can actually handle requests that specifically have the port declared in the hostname.  If you try to redirect to HTTPS but still have a :80 in your host, things might not go as swimmingly as you’d like.


  # Check if server response is a redirect 
  if { [HTTP::header is_redirect]} { 
    # Log original and updated values 
    log local0. "Original Location header value: [HTTP::header value Location],\ 
           updated: [string map -nocase "
http:// https:// :80/ /" [HTTP::header value Location]]" 
    # Do the update, replacing
http:// with https:// and  :80/ with /
    HTTP::header replace Location \ 
        [string map -nocase "
http:// https:// :80/ /" [HTTP::header value Location]] 


There you go, 3 more examples of iRules goodness in 20 Lines or Less each.  See ya next time.


Published Mar 12, 2010
Version 1.0

Was this article helpful?

No CommentsBe the first to comment