Not that I've ever heard of. A good LB is largely invisible from the outside, and in fact, they can even be difficult to detect. There are several tools and even academic papers that talk about how to detect them, such as this one.
Identifying Load-Balancers in Penetration Testing
However, beyond merely identifying them, I'm not sure that anyone has ever put together a recommended practices guide for how to pen test one.
I can say this, on behalf of F5: we regularly pen test not BIG-IP ourselves and also have third parties do it for us. Also we have thousands of customers who pen test their own systems (including their BIG-IPs) and sometimes they will share their results with us. The results aren't anything we could share though, except maybe a cover page to show that the test was run.
While conducting penetration testing on a load balancer, it's essential to start by comprehensively understanding its architecture, configurations, and employed protocols.
Identify potential entry points for attacks, considering both external and internal vectors, and perform a detailed analysis of the protocols in use, such as HTTP or HTTPS, to uncover vulnerabilities and misconfigurations.
Evaluate SSL/TLS termination and encryption mechanisms, monitoring network traffic for anomalies and unauthorized access patterns.
Assess session management, DDoS resilience, authentication mechanisms, and the load balancer's handling of errors.
Regularly check for security patches, and refer to the load balancer's documentation for specific security features.
For more detailed insights and guidelines on penetration testing, especially related to load balancers, consider exploring SecureLayer7's blogs. They offer valuable resources and expert perspectives on cybersecurity and penetration testing. Visit securelayer7.net for relevant insights and guidance.