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Login & Join the DevCentral Connects Group to watch the Recorded LiveStream (May 12) on Basic iControl Security - show notes included.
Veeraraghavan_A
F5 Employee
F5 Employee

Introduction

This article is part of a series on deploying BIG-IPs with bypass switches and network packet brokers. These devices allow for the transparent integration of network security tools with little to no network redesign and configuration change. For more information about bypass switch devices refer to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bypass_switch; for network packet brokers, refer to https://www.ixiacom.com/company/blog/network-packet-brokers-abcs-network-visibility and https://www.gigamon.com/campaigns/next-generation-network-packet-broker.html. The article series introduces network designs to forward traffic to the inline tools at layer 2 (L2).

F5’s BIG-IP hardware appliances can be inserted in L2 networks. This can be achieved using either virtual Wire (vWire) or by bridging 2 Virtual LANs using a VLAN Groups.

This document covers the design and implementation of the Gigamon Bypass Switch/Network Packet Broker in conjunction with the BIG-IP i5800 appliance and Virtual Wire (vWire).

This document focuses on Gigamon Bypass Switch / Network Packet Broker. For more information about architecture overview of bypass switch and network packet broker refer to https://devcentral.f5.com/s/articles/L2-Deployment-of-vCMP-guest-with-Ixia-network-packet-broker?tab.... Gigamon provides internal bypass switch within network packet broker device whereas Ixia has external bypass switch.

Network Topology

Below diagram is a representation of the actual lab network. This shows deployment of BIG-IP with Gigamon.

Figure 1 - Topology before deployment of Gigamon and BIG-IP

0151T0000040frRQAQ.jpg

Figure 2 - Topology after deployment of Gigamon and BIG-IP

0151T0000040frHQAQ.jpg

Figure 3 - Connection between Gigamon and BIG-IP

0151T0000040fr9QAA.jpg

Hardware Specification

Hardware used in this article are

  • BIG-IP i5800
  • GigaVUE-HC1
  • Arista DCS-7010T-48 (all the four switches)

Note: All the Interfaces/Ports are 1G speed

Software Specification

Software used in this article are

  • BIG-IP 16.1.0
  • GigaVUE-OS 5.7.01
  • Arista 4.21.3F (North Switches)
  • Arista 4.19.2F (South Switches)

Gigamon Configuration

In this lab, the Gigamon is configured with two type of ports, Inline Network and Inline Tool.

Steps Summary

  • Step 1 : Configure Port Type
  • Step 2 : Configure Inline Network Bypass Pair
  • Step 3 : Configure Inline Network Group (if applicable)
  • Step 4 : Configure Inline Tool Pair
  • Step 5 : Configure Inline Tool Group (if applicable)
  • Step 6 : Configure Inline Traffic Flow Maps

Step 1 : Configure Port Type

First and Foremost step is to configure Ports. Figure 2 shows all the ports that are connected between Switches and Gigamon. Ports that are connected to switch should be configured as Inline Network Ports. As per Figure 2, find below Inline Network ports

Inline Network ports: 1/1/x1, 1/1/x2, 1/1/x3, 1/1/x4, 1/1/x5. 1/1/x6, 1/1/x7, 1/1/x8

Figure 3 shows all the ports that are connected between BIG-IP and Gigamon. Ports that are connected to BIG-IP should be configured as Inline Tool Ports. As per Figure 3, find below Inline Tool ports

Inline Tool ports: 1/1/x9, 1/1/x10, 1/1/x11, 1/1/x12, 1/1/g1, 1/1/g2, 1/1/g3, 1/1/g4

To configure Port Type, do the following

  1. Log into GigaVUE-HC1 GUI
  2. Select Ports -> Go to specific port and modify Port Type as Inline Network or Inline Tool

Figure 4 - GUI configuration of Port Types

0151T0000040gsDQAQ.jpg

 

Equivalent command for configuring Inline Network port and other port configuration

port 1/1/x1 type inline-net
port 1/1/x1 alias N-SW1-36
port 1/1/x1 params admin enable autoneg enable

 

Equivalent command for configuring Inline Tool Port and other port configuration

port 1/1/x9 type inline-tool
port 1/1/x9 alias BIGIP-1.1
port 1/1/x9 params admin enable autoneg enable

Step 2 : Configure Inline Network Bypass Pair

Figure 1 shows direct connections between switches. An inline network bypass pair will ensure the same connections through Gigamon. An inline network is an arrangement of two ports of the inline-network type. The arrangement facilitates access to a bidirectional link between two networks (two far-end network devices) that need to be linked through an inline tool.  As per Figure 2, find below Inline Network bypass pairs

Inline Network bypass pair 1 : 1/1/x1 -> 1/1/x2
Inline Network bypass pair 2 : 1/1/x3 -> 1/1/x4
Inline Network bypass pair 3 : 1/1/x5 -> 1/1/x6
Inline Network bypass pair 4 : 1/1/x7 -> 1/1/x8

 

To configure the inline network bypass pair, do the following

  1. Log into GigaVUE-HC1 GUI
  2. Select Inline Bypass -> Inline Networks

Figure 5 - Example GUI configuration of Inline Network Bypass Pair

0151T0000040gsLQAQ.jpg

 

Equivalent command for configuring Inline Network Bypass Pair

inline-network alias Bypass1
 pair net-a 1/1/x1 and net-b 1/1/x2
 physical-bypass disable
 traffic-path to-inline-tool

Step 3 : Configure Inline Network Group 

An inline network group is an arrangement of multiple inline networks that share the same inline tool.

To configure the inline network bypass group, do the following

  1. Log into GigaVUE-HC1 GUI
  2. Select Inline Bypass -> Inline Networks Groups

Figure 6 - Example GUI configuration of Inline Network Bypass Group

0151T0000040guMQAQ.jpg

 

Equivalent command for configuring Inline Network Bypass Group

inline-network-group alias Bypassgroup
 network-list Bypass1,Bypass2,Bypass3,Bypass4

Step 4 : Configure Inline Tool Pair

Figure 3 shows connection between BIG-IP and Gigamon which will be in pairs. An inline tool consists of inline tool ports, always in pairs, running at the same speed, on the same medium. As per Figure 3, find below Inline Tool pairs.

Inline Network bypass pair 1 : 1/1/x9 -> 1/1/x10
Inline Network bypass pair 2 : 1/1/x11 -> 1/1/x12
Inline Network bypass pair 3 : 1/1/g1 -> 1/1/g2
Inline Network bypass pair 4 : 1/1/g3 -> 1/1/g4

 

To configure the inline tool pair, do the following

  1. Log into GigaVUE-HC1 GUI
  2. Select Inline Bypass -> Inline Tools

 

Figure 7 - Example GUI configuration of Inline Tool Pair

0151T0000040guRQAQ.jpg

 

Equivalent command for configuring Inline Tool pair

inline-tool alias BIGIP1
 pair tool-a 1/1/x9 and tool-b 1/1/x10
 enable
 shared true

Step 5 : Configure Inline Tool Group (if applicable)

An inline tool group is an arrangement of multiple inline tools to which traffic is distributed to the inline tools based on hardware-calculated hash values. For example, if one tool goes down, traffic is redistributed to other tools in the group using hashing.

 

To configure the inline tool group, do the following

  1. Log into GigaVUE-HC1 GUI
  2. Select Inline Bypass -> Inline Tool Groups

 

Figure 8 - Example GUI configuration of Inline Tool Group

0151T0000040guWQAQ.jpg

 

Equivalent command for configuring Inline Tool Group

inline-tool-group alias BIGIPgroup
 tool-list BIGIP1,BIGIP2,BIGIP3,BIGIP4
 enable

Step 6 : Configure Inline Traffic Flow Maps

Flow mapping takes traffic from a network TAP or a SPAN/mirror port and sends it through a set of user-defined map rules to the tools and applications that secure, monitor and analyze IT infrastructure. As per Figure 2, it is the high-level process for configuring traffic to flow from the inline network links to the inline tool group, allowing you to test the deployment functionality of the BIG-IP appliances within the group.

 

To configure the inline tool group, do the following

  1. Log into GigaVUE-HC1 GUI
  2. Select Maps -> New

 

Figure 9 - Example GUI configuration of Flow Maps

0151T0000040guXQAQ.jpg

Note: Above configuration allows all traffic from Inline Network Group to flow through Inline Tool Group

 

Equivalent command for configuring PASS ALL Flow Map

map-passall alias Map1
 to BIGIPgroup
 from Bypassgroup

 

Flow Maps can be configured specific to certain traffic. For example, If LACP traffic should bypass BIG-IP and all other traffic should pass through BIG-IP. Find below command to achieve mentioned condition

map alias inMap
 type inline byRule
 roles replace admin to owner_roles
 comment " "
 rule add pass ethertype 8809
 to bypass
 from Bypassgroup
 exit
map-scollector alias SCollector
 roles replace admin to owner_roles
 from Bypassgroup
 collector BIGIPgroup
 exit

 

Note: For more details on Gigamon, refer https://docs.gigamon.com/pdfs/Content/Shared/5700-doclist.html

BIG-IP Configuration

In series of BIG-IP and Gigamon deployment, BIG-IP configured in L2 mode with Virtual Wire (vWire)

Step Summary

  • Step 1 : Configure interfaces to support vWire
  • Step 2 : Configure trunk in LACP mode or passthrough mode
  • Step 3 : Configure Virtual Wire

Note: Steps mentioned above are specific to topology in Figure 2. For more details on Virtual Wire (vWire), refer https://devcentral.f5.com/s/articles/BIG-IP-vWire-Configuration?tab=series&page=1 and https://devcentral.f5.com/s/articles/vWire-Deployment-Configuration-and-Troubleshooting?tab=series&p...

Step 1 : Configure interfaces to support vWire

To configure interfaces to support vWire, do the following

  1. Log into BIG-IP GUI
  2. Select Network -> Interfaces -> Interface List
  3. Select Specific Interface and in vWire configuration, select Virtual Wire as Forwarding Mode

 

Figure 10 - Example GUI configuration of interface to support vWire

0151T0000040gubQAA.jpg

Step 2 : Configure trunk in LACP mode or passthrough mode

To configure trunk, do the following

  1. Log into BIG-IP GUI
  2. Select Network -> Trunks
  3. Click Create to configure new Trunk. Enable LACP for LACP mode and disable LACP for LACP passthrough mode

 

Figure 11 - Example GUI configuration of Trunk in LACP Mode

0151T0000040guSQAQ.jpg

 

Figure 12 - Example GUI configuration of Trunk in LACP Passthrough Mode

0151T0000040gucQAA.jpg

 

As per Figure 2, when configured in LACP Mode, LACP will be established between BIG-IP and switches. When configured in LACP passthrough mode, LACP will be established between North and South Switches.

As per Figure 2 and 3 , there will be four trunk configured as below,

 

Left_Trunk 1 : Interfaces 1.1 and 2.3
Left_Trunk 2 : Interfaces 1.3 and 2.1
Right_Trunk 1 : Interfaces 1.2 and 2.4
Right_Trunk 2 : Interfaces 1.4 and 2.2

 

Left_Trunk ensure connectivity between BIG-IP and North Switches. Right_Trunk ensure connectivity between BIG-IP and South Switches.

Note: Trunks can be configured for individual interfaces, if LACP passthrough configured as LACP frames not getting terminated at BIG-IP

Step 3 : Configure Virtual Wire

To configure trunk, do the following

  1. Log into BIG-IP GUI
  2. Select Network -> Virtual Wire
  3. Click Create to configure Virtual Wire

 

Figure 13 - Example GUI configuration of Virtual Wire

0151T0000040gugQAA.jpg

 

Above Virtual Wire configuration will work for both Tagged and Untagged traffic. Figure 2 and 3, requires both the Virtual Wire configured. This configuration works for both LACP mode and LACP passthrough mode. If each interface configured with specific trunk in passthrough deployment, then there will be 4 specific Virtual Wires configured.

Note: In this series, all the mentioned scenarios and configuration will be covered in upcoming articles.

Conclusion

This deployment ensures transparent integration of network security tools with little to no network redesign and configuration change. The Merits of above network deployment are

  1. Increases reliability of Production link
  2. Inline devices can be upgraded or replaced without loss of the link
  3. Traffic can be shared between multiple tools
  4. Specific Traffic can be forwarded to customized tools
  5. Trusted Traffic can be Bypassed un-inspected
Comments
Dojs
Cirrostratus
Cirrostratus

Hi,

 

we are using something similiar.

But we had 2 environments with each one HC2 and i5800. and we had some special configuration to works well with Gigamon. As the BUG <https://cdn.f5.com/product/bugtracker/ID885961.html>, so just after run this workaround the Gigamon works Well.

 

Veeraraghavan_A
F5 Employee
F5 Employee

Thanks for sharing your experience and details. This example of vWire configuration is specific to untagged packets where we explicitly mentioned untagged vlan in vWire configuration. Default vWire configuration will allow any tag, so this configuration will allow both Tagged and Untagged packets. We have other articles in pipeline which covers various scenarios and configuration.

Samir_Kumar_Jha
Legacy Employee
Legacy Employee

Thank you so much for publishing L2-deployment article.

C_Pandey
F5 Employee
F5 Employee

Thanks Veera for publishing this article. Great content and really helped me alot while the deployment.

 

Version history
Last update:
‎13-Jul-2021 12:03
Updated by:
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