This article demonstrates how to install the F5 Heat Plugins and onboard a BIG-IP VE image into OpenStack Mitaka using F5 Heat templates.
Before you get started, please review the installation instructions for the F5 Heat plugins (https://f5-openstack-heat-plugins.readthedocs.io/en/latest/) to ensure you’re using the latest version. The instructions provided in this article are current at the time of posting.
Run the following commands on the heat service node. Root privileges are required.
yum -y install python-pip
pip install f5-openstack-heat-plugins
mkdir -p /usr/lib/heat
ln -s /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/f5_heat /usr/lib/heat/f5_heat
systemctl restart openstack-heat-engine.service
Now, you should see the F5 Heat resources in the OpenStack Horizon dashboard, under “Orchestration->Resource Types”:
Next, you’ll use the F5 BIG-IP ‘Image Patch and Upload’ heat template (http://f5-openstack-heat.readthedocs.io/en/latest/templates/supported/ref_images_patch-upload-ve-ima...) to patch your VE image for use in OpenStack and onboard it.
‘Patching’ is modifying the BIG-IP QCOW2 image so it can run within OpenStack and make use of the OpenStack Metadata service, for licensing, setting networking parameters etc.
This template requires a bit of preparation, described in the Prerequisites section of the template documentation. In particular, you need to create an OpenStack flavor for the BIG-IP appliance and create an SSH key to use to log in to the BIG-IP. You will also need to provide a link to a Ubuntu image, as the template utilizes an Ubuntu server to extract and patch the image. An appropriate tenant network was already created and tested in the previous article in this series, so no need to do it again.
First, log in as the OpenStack admin user to create a new flavor for the BIG-IP and adjust the ‘demo’ user’s permissions. The default OpenStack non-admin privileges do not allow creation of OpenStack Flavors or Heat stacks.
sourcekeystonerc_admin openstack flavor create --ram 4096 --disk 20 --vcpus 2 \ --public "F5-small 1 slot"Refer to http://f5-openstack-docs.readthedocs.io/en/latest/guides/openstack_big-ip_flavors.html for additional information regarding BIG-IP VE flavor requirements.
openstack role add --project demo --user demo heat_stack_owner
source keystonerc_demo curl http://uec-images.ubuntu.com/trusty/current/trusty-server-cloudimg-amd64-disk1.img | \ openstack image create --container-format bare \ --disk-format qcow2 --min-disk 10 "Ubuntu 14.04 LTS"
The Heat template requires that the BIG-IP image be hosted in a location accessible to the Heat engine via ‘http’. Assuming that you do not have any other place to host the BIG-IP qcow2 image, we’ll create it one on the Horizon Apache server.
mkdir -p /home/openstack/bigipimages/
/etc/httpd/conf.d/15-horizon_vhost.conf, just before closing
Alias /bigipimages "/home/openstack/bigipimages/" <Directory "/home/openstack/bigipimages/"> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews AllowOverride None Require all granted <Directory/>
systemctl restart httpd.service
BIGIP-126.96.36.199.0.326.LTM_1SLOT.qcow2.zipfrom https://downloads.f5.com/ and upload it to
chmod -x+r /home/openstack/bigipimages/*.zip
Most of the Heat templates require you to supply some specific configuration parameters (e.g., which networks should be used, what flavor, security group etc). Those parameters are rendered as a questionnaire in the Horizon GUI, right after you specify the source heat template's file or url. Unfortunately, I noticed that Mitaka release doesn't always show external networks in the GUI correctly, while the external network's name can be provided via CLI without any problems. Another disadvantage of Orchestration section in Horizon is that if you make any mistakes or typos, you need to type all the parameters over again. So, the easiest and the most efficient method is to provide Heat parameters in an environment file.
patch_upload_paremeters.yaml– that contains the following parameters:
parameters: onboard_image: "Ubuntu 14.04 LTS" flavor: m1.medium # THE FLAVOR YOU CREATED private_network: management f5_image_import_auth_url: http://<ip_address>:5000/v2.0 # YOUR KEYSTONE AUTHENTICATION URL f5_image_import_tenant: admin # THE NAME OF YOUR PROJECT SPACE f5_image_import_user: admin # YOUR USERNAME f5_image_import_password: default # YOUR PASSWORD f5_ve_image_url: http://<ip_address>/bigipimages/BIGIP-188.8.131.52.0.326.LTM_1SLOT.qcow2.zip f5_ve_image_name: BIGIP-184.108.40.206.0.326.qcow2 image_prep_key: defaultNote: Leading white spaces are significant in the yaml file.
openstack stack create -e patch_upload_paremeters.yaml \ -t https://raw.githubusercontent.com/F5Networks/f5-openstack-heat/master/f5_supported/ve/images/patch_upload_ve_image.yaml \ F5_onboard
Please note that we used the GitHub version of the template in the above command (https://raw...). You can also use the download link for the template provided in the documentation. Do not try to use the link for an html-formatted yaml file.
You should see your stack being created in Horizon at "Orchestration -> Stacks -> F5_onboard". You can supervise the patching progress by clicking on a Compute instance log:
At the end, the stack status should be "Status Create_Complete: Stack CREATE completed successfully". You can check it by clicking on "Orchestration -> Stacks -> F5_onboard -> Overview".
If you can't see the stack in your account in Horizon, double-check which user you identified in the environment file; if you specified 'admin', you’ll need to log in as the admin user.
Now that you have a BIG-IP image onboarded, you can use it with the F5-supported Heat Templates (http://f5-openstack-heat.readthedocs.io/en/latest/templates/templates_index.html#f5-supported) to deploy BIG-IP VE from any of your OpenStack user accounts.
First, make sure the BIG-IP image is visible to all users in your OpenStack environment.
source keystonerc_admin openstack image set --public BIGIP-220.127.116.11.0.326 source keystonerc_demo
The patched BIG-IP image should be visible in “Compute -> Images” or via the
openstack image-list command.
As an exercise, you can change the Heat template to include this step.
You can now safely delete the onboarding stack. Don’t worry, the BIG-IP image will stick around.
openstack stack delete F5_onboard
Now, let’s spin up a stand-alone BIG-IP VE with two production interfaces using the F5 BIG-IP VE: Standalone, 3-nic Heat template (http://f5-openstack-heat.readthedocs.io/en/latest/templates/supported/ref_common_f5-ve-standalone-3n...)
We already have a Management subnet, but we’ll need to add the traffic subnets.
neutron net-create client neutron subnet-create --name client_subnet client 10.0.2.0/24 neutron router-interface-add router1 client_subnet neutron net-create server neutron subnet-create --name server_subnet server 10.0.3.0/24 neutron router-interface-add router1 server_subnetNow your network topology should look as follows:
standalone_3_nic_paremeters.yamlenvironment file that contains:
parameters: ve_image: BIGIP-18.104.22.168.0.326 ve_flavor: "F5-small 1 slot" admin_password: admin f5_ve_os_ssh_key: default root_password: default license: <<<your eval license goes here>>> external_network: external_network mgmt_network: management network_1: client network_1_name: client network_2: server network_2_name: serverPlease remember to insert your evaluation license key.
openstack stack create -e standalone_3_nic_paremeters.yaml \ -t https://raw.githubusercontent.com/F5Networks/f5-openstack-heat/master/f5_supported/ve/standalone/f5_ve_standalone_3_nic.yaml \ F5_standalong_3_nics
ssh -i demo_default.pem root@<<floating IP>> tail -f /var/log/messagesIf the patching process is complete you should see something like this:
Sep 14 11:21:05 host-10 notice openstack-init: Completed OpenStack auto-configuration in 167 seconds...
If everything works fine, you are ready to play with other F5 heat templates, and maybe write your own F5 heat resources. Good starting points would be the GitHub repo (https://github.com/F5Networks/f5-openstack-heat) and the project docs (https://f5-openstack-heat.readthedocs.io/en/latest/).
Special thanks to John Gruber, Laurent Boutet, Paul Breaux, Shawn Wormke, Jodie Putrino, and the whole F5 OpenStack PD team.