Data transiting between clients (e.g. PCs, tablets, phones, etc.) and servers is predominantly encrypted with Secure Socket Layer (SSL) or the newer Transport Layer Security (TLS) (For reference, see the 2019 TLS Telemetry Report Summary from F5 Labs). Pervasive encryption results in threats being hidden and invisible to security inspection unless traffic is decrypted. This creates serious risks, leaving organizations vulnerable to costly data breaches and loss of intellectual property.
An integrated F5® SSL Orchestrator™ and McAfee Data Loss Prevention (DLP) solution solves this SSL/TLS challenge across cloud, mobile, and on-premises environments. SSL Orchestrator centralizes SSL inspection throughout the complex security architectures, providing high-performance decryption of web traffic for security services like McAfee DLP to detect and block data breaches hidden by encryption. This joint solution thus eliminates the blind spots introduced by SSL and closes any opportunity for attackers.
F5 SSL Orchestrator, deployed inline to the wire traffic, intercepts any outbound secure web request and establishes two separate SSL connections, one each with the client (the user device) and the requested web server. This creates a decryption zone between the client and the server for inspection.
Within the inspection zone, both unencrypted HTTP and decrypted HTTPS requests are encapsulated within Internet Content Adaptation Protocol (ICAP, RFC3507) and steered to the McAfee DLP systems for inspection and possible request modification (REQMOD). In this context, SSL Orchestrator is the ICAP client and McAfee DLP is the ICAP server. After inspection, user HTTPS requests are re-encrypted by SSL Orchestrator, on their way to the web server.
The same process of decryption, inspection, and re-encryption takes place for the return response from the web server to the client.
The solution deployment involves policy creation on McAfee DLP and configuration of SSL Orchestrator on the F5 system.
The SSL Orchestrator guided configuration presents a completely new and streamlined user experience. This workflow-based architecture provides guided configuration steps tailored to a selected topology.
SSL Orchestrator creates discreet configurations based on the selected topology. Selecting explicit forward proxy topology (as shown in the example) will create an explicit proxy listener.
Select the previously imported subordinate CA certificate (see Prerequisites, above) for signing and issuing certificates to the end-host for client-requested HTTPS websites that are intercepted by SSL Orchestrator.
The services list section defines the security services that interact with SSL Orchestrator. The guided configuration includes a services catalog that contains common product integrations.
In the service catalog, double click the McAfee DLP ICAP service and configure the service settings: McAfee DLP IP address, port, URI paths and preview maximum length.
Using the service catalog, create additional security services as required before proceeding to the next step.
Create a service chain, which is an arbitrarily ordered lists of security devices. The service chain determines which services receive decrypted traffic.
SSL Orchestrator’s guided configuration presents an intuitive rule-based, drag-and-drop user interface for the definition of security policies. In the background, SSL Orchestrator maintains these security policies as visual per-request policies. If traffic processing is required that exceeds the capabilities of the rule-based user interface, the underlying per-request policy can be managed directly. Use this section to create custom rules as required.
Interception rules are based on the selected topology and define the listeners (analogous to BIG-IP Local Traffic Manager virtual servers) that accept and process different types of traffic, such as TCP, UDP, or other. The resulting listeners will bind the SSL settings, VLANs, IPs, and security policies created in the topology workflow.
The egress settings section defines topology-specific egress characteristics like NAT and outbound route.
Review the setting and click deploy SSL Orchestrator.
Open browser and navigate to https:///dlptest.com (DLPTest.com is a DLP testing resource that focuses on testing to make sure your DLP software is working correctly). In the HTTPS Post section, input some PII data In the text box (an example of PII data is ‘ABC Smith, 123-45-6789, 123 Main St, Seattle WA 98008’) and click on the Submit button. You will see the ‘Access Denied’ message in the response.
The DLP Incident Manager web page reports the PII violation.
Learn more about SSL Orchestrator on f5.com
Recommended best practices guide: F5 SSL Orchestrator and McAfee DLP solution