CSA STAR (Security, Trust and Assurance Registry) is open to all cloud providers whether they offer SaaS, PaaS or IaaS and allows them to submit self assessment reports that document compliance in relation to the CSA published best practices. The CSA says that the searchable registry will allow potential cloud customers to review the security practices of providers, accelerating their due diligence and leading to higher-quality procurement experiences. There are two different types of reports that the cloud provider can submit to to indicate their compliance with CSA best practices. The Consensus Assessments Initiative Questionnaire (CAIQ), a 140 question document which provides industry-accepted ways to document what security controls exist in IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS offerings and the Cloud Control Matrix (CCM) which provides a controls framework that gives detailed understanding of security concepts and principles that are aligned to the Cloud Security Alliance guidance in areas like ISACA COBIT, PCI, and NIST.
Providers who chose to take part and submit the documents are on the ‘honor system’ since this is a self assessment and users will need to trust that the information is accurate. CSA is encouraging providers to participate and says, in doing so, they will address some of the most urgent and important security questions buyers are asking, and can dramatically speed up the purchasing process for their services. In addition to self-assessments, CSA will provide a list of providers who have integrated CAIQ and CCM and other components from CSA’s Governance, Risk Management and Compliance (GRC) stack into their compliance management tools.
This should help with those who are still a bit hesitant about Cloud services. The percentage of those claiming ‘security issues’ as a deterrent for cloud deployments has steadily dropped over the last year. Last year around this time on any given survey, anywhere from 42% to 73% of those respondents said cloud technology does not provide adequate security safeguards and that that security concerns have prevented their adoption of cloud computing. In a recent cloud computing study from TheInfoPro, only 13% cited security worries as a cloud roadblock, after up-front costs at 15%. Big difference than a year ago. In this most recent survey, they found that ‘fear of change’ to be the biggest hurdle for cloud adoption. Ahhhh, change. One of the things most difficult for humans. Change is constant yet the basics are still the same - education, preparation, and anticipation of what cloud is about and what it can offer is a necessity for success.