on 30-Mar-2017 04:00 - edited on 05-Jun-2023 22:40 by JimmyPackets
New in the v13 release of the BIG-IP Advanced Firewall Manager is the capability to insert a packet trace into the internal flow so you can analyze what component within the system is allowing or blocking packets based on your configuration of features and rule sets.
If you recall from our Lightboard Lesson on the BIG-IP Life of a Packet, the packet flow diagram looks like this:
The packet tracing is inserted at L3 immediately prior to the Global IP intelligence. Because it is after the L2 section, this means that a) we cannot capture in tcpdump so we can’t see them in flight and b) no physical layer details will matter as it relates to testing. That said, it’s incredibly useful for what is and is not allowing your packets through. You can insert tcp, udp, sctp, and icmp packets, with a limited set of (appropriate to each protocol) attributes for each.
To get to the packet trace utility in the GUI, navigate to Network->Network Security->Packet Tester as show below.
Note: In v13.1 this feature has been moved to Security -> Debug -> Packet Tester.
This will launch the packet testing tool as shown here:
Note with this tcp selection, in addition to setting the flags, you can configure the source and destination ip/port, source vlan, and trace options as it relates to policy and logging.
An example packet trace shows the output of the trace after it completes:
You’ll notice here that IP Intelligence and DoS have no beef with the packet, but there is no virtual match so the default action at the end of the path is to reject.
Note that you can also use the packet trace utility in tmsh. The command is
and results in an output like below.
tmsh show net packet-tester security
tmsh show net packet-tester security protocol tcp syn src-addr 192.168.101.2 src-port 21233 dst-addr 192.168.101.55 dst-port 8080 src-vlan external ************************* Packet Tester Data: ************************* Packet SrcIP/Port:192.168.101.2/21233 Src Vlan external Packet DstIP/Port:192.168.101.55/8080 Packet Protocol: tcp Packet Trace Option: Check Staged:Disable, Trigger Log:Disable Stage:Device-IP Intelligence Result: Default Stage:Device-DoS Result: Default Stage:Device-Access Control Result: Drop Stage:Route Domain-IP Intelligence (unset) Result: Default Stage:Route Domain-Access Control (unset) Result: Drop Stage:Listener-IP Intelligence (No Listener) Result: Default Stage:Listener-DoS (No Listener) Result: Default Stage:Listener-Access Control (No Listener) Result: Drop Stage:Device Default Result: Drop Final Result Packet SrcIP/Port:192.168.101.2/21233 Src Vlan external Packet DstIP/Port:192.168.101.55/8080 Packet Protocol: tcp Packet Trace Option: Check Staged:Disable, Trigger Log:Disable Stage:Device-Access Control Policy Name: unset Rule Name: unset Stage:Route Domain-Access Control Route Domain name: unset Policy Name: unset Rule Name: unset Stage:Listener-Access Control Listener name: unset Policy Name: unset Rule Name: unset Default Rule : No Device Default Rule Final Action : Drop Total records returned: 1
And because of tmsh, you can easily script packet generation with bash or even a tmsh script if you’re feeling the Tcl love.
Basic visibility tools like the packet tester are great additions to the BIG-IP AFM. Whether it’s for testing new rules, validating existing ones, or simply throwing a bone over the fence to your operational security team to know where in your configuration an isolated action is being trapped, the v13 AFM packet tester has you covered!
(To see the article,) Make sure you click download, its there I promise.
Thanks, Soda Cup! Initially I thought you were adding a spam comment, but I noticed the content was not visible. Working with the platform team to identify the root cause, we've seen this on a few other articles as well.
Hello, we are running v13 o BigIp but i dont see the packet tracing funcionality in the menu. We have to make some procedure to enable the service?
Hi @mplaksin, do you have AFM licensed?
I am sorry, my mistake. I was searching the option in Security tree and it was in Network tree.
Just a note on using it on the command line. Testing with BIG-IP v14.0.0, you need to specify the vlan using the full name format (external/internal alone wont work) .Like this ... src-vlan /Common/external detail ... otherwise yes the packet trace will run, but it wont show you anything, it won't pick up whats configured on the system. The detail options adds more detail as well.
So you see for example ....RD0 contains an AFM policy with a rule with a redirect action inside it
snip . . .
Stage:Route Domain-Access Control (/Common/0)
Policy Name: /Common/route_domain_policy
Policy Type: Enforced
Subscriber Name: unknown
Subscriber Group Name: unknown
Rule Name: route_domain_policy_redirect_rule
Source FQDN: unknown
Destination FQDN: unknown
Source Geo: No-lookup
Destination Geo: No-lookup
Redirected VS: /Common/fw_redirect_vs
. . .