We’re several episodes in on our new Lightboard Lessons series now. We’ve had quite a few questions on how it’s done. This article will address those questions as well as some of our own lessons learned along the way. We recorded a brief behind the scenes video as well you can watch before we get into the details.
The lightboard itself is made up of a heavy duty frame, a 3/8” sheet of low iron glass (commercial name starphire,) and a string of LEDs to wrap the edges of the glass to shoot light inward to make the neon markers pop on camera. We researched the technology on Lightboard.info, where a college professor has documented and open-sourced his build. There are a lot of different builds linked there, from large complex builds to desktop models. Given the space we had to construct a studio, we went with a 4’ x 6’ sheet of glass, which we ordered from a local glass company. Order the frame first, though, so you can give the specific hole size and location for mounting the glass.
After assembling the frame and mounting the glass (the second glass, the first one was delivered with the holes cut on the long ends instead of the short ends,) we assembled the LED strips for mounting on the glass edges. Several builds used 3D printed clamps, and some with high-power LEDs that needed heat sinks went with metal mounts. Our build went super low tech with shower door 3/8” u-channel. Yep, stay classy! But hey, our LEDs are low power, didn’t need the heat sink, and since we don’t have a 3D printer handy and the linear feet we needed printed from an online shop would have cost us a few hundred dollars, we figured it was a smart move.
Now that we had a lightboard, it was time to shoot some video! But…we needed some accessories to make this work. First, the backdrops. We could paint the wall black, but since the space we used for the initial sprint of videos was not dedicated studio space, that wasn’t an option. So we ordered a couple black muslin backdrops, one for behind the glass, and one for immediately in front of the camera (more on that later.) The LEDs lit the board, but we also needed lighting to light the subjects, in this case John and I. So we got a cheaper lighting kit with four lights so we could have key, fill, and backlighting for the videos. You can do it with just the key and fill lighting, but the subject will look better with backlighting. Of course we needed some neon markers as well for the writing, as well as a microphone and video camera. Thankfully, we already had those, but I’ll add them in with the bill of materials anyway.
The picture below shows how we had the studio configured. It took some time to move all the pieces around to make sure we had the room to get lighting, backdrop, and camera in the right place. Some of the other builds have had success with less room between the glass and the backdrop, but this worked well for us. Camera distance from the glass is kind of important (see below.) Some builds use a mirror to shoot the video through, but we just flip the image in post production.
The post production process is pretty simple. We upload the audio files from the Zoom recorder and the video files from the Blackmagic camera. The video is usually quite large so this takes some time.
We do the video editing in Adobe Premiere Pro. We import the audio/video files for a particular episode into a template that is already setup with our intro/outro/lower third assets. We merge the audio file and remove the trace audio from the video clip.
After that is done, we drop the raw video onto the timeline and find the grey card frames. After adding the fast color correcter and setting white balance, saturation, and fixing white/black levels, we apply the horizontal flip filter to flip the image so we don't appear in reverse. Finally, we do the cleanup. Cut the pre/post video sequence from the clip, then align the clip with the intro/outro/lower third, and add transitions.
The only other step before exporting for youtube is to clean up the audio. Adobe's integration here is pretty decent, so I can launch Adobe's audition from within Premiere Pro, clean up the noise on the clip, save and exit, and the audio is ready to go on the clip in Premiere.
Shooting video, with lights, and glass…oh the reflections! It took time to figure out the right layout, lighting, and squelching of external light to eliminate all the reflections. One of the bigger light bulb moments was moving the camera way back away from the glass, this took care of all the annoying reflections. Using the second drop cloth immediately in front of and under the camera took care of everything else.
Another thing we learned is we really didn’t need too much light. We had too much light hitting the backdrop, and the subject, and cleaning that up in post production was tough. Backing off the number of active bulbs per lightbox helped tremendously. Also, if you don’t want light on the backdrop, don’t light it! We angled the backlights away from the backdrop and onto the subject and that helped crush the blacks in the backdrop in post production as well.
We also did two other things with the video shooting: matched the white balance setting in the camera to the bulb “color.” We also use a grey card when we start shooting so I can properly set the white balance in post production editing. This makes all the coloring of the shot super easy. I don’t understand any of that aspect of this process, you’ll have better luck talking to a videographer about that!
Ain’t gonna lie, cleaning the lightboard is rough! The neon markers leave a greasy residue, and we tried many different ways to clean the board. Here’s what we found works well for us:
In the event a streak or two wouldn’t come out with that process, we have a mild abrasive cleaner from CRL called Sparkle. It’s amazing. Rub that in with a cloth and then polish it out.
One thing of note. We ordered power supplies for our LED strips, but the strips we got from Amazon came (undocumented) with power and a dimmer, so we didn’t need to use the power supplies we ordered. You might need a few more parts than are on this bill of materials if that isn’t the case with your order. Also, what’s not in the bill of materials are SD cards for the camera, batteries, power strips, audio jumper cables, etc.
|Description||Qty||Link or Provider|
|Custom Frame||1||New Revolution Tools|
|Starphire 4' x 6' Tempered Glass||1||Martin Glass|
|8mm - 5m 5000k 3528 8mm LED Strip||2||http://www.amazon.com/dp/B005ST2I9O/|
|6" jumpers for LED Strips (4 pack)||1||http://www.amazon.com/dp/B0062RBR84|
|StudioFX Muslin Backdrop||2||http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00WJ12U9C/|
|LimoStudio Backdrop Stands||2||http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B005BHAYGM/|
|Expo Neon Markers||2||http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0033AGVVG/|
|StudioPro 4000-W Lighting Kit||1||http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00FG5G1FC|
|Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera||1||http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00CWLSHUK/|
|Panasonic Lumix G X Vario 12-35mm f/2.8||1||http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00ZYRP90A|
|Zoom H4N Digital Multitrack Recorder||1||http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00UK7G3UO/|
|Sennheiser ew 112-p G3 Tx/Rx Kit||1||http://www.amazon.com/dp/B002CWQTXG|
Well that's a wrap! Have you used a lightboard? Itching to build one now? Drop a comment below if you have suggestions for us on how to improve the board or the videos, and what content you'd like to see us cover going forward!